Let’s face it; setting up a dairy farm needs a lot of upfront capital investment. Even if you have spent your growing years on the farm, deciding to start your own business needs thoughtful planning.
So what are the things that you should keep in mind before starting a dairy business? Keep reading and fetch yourself with all the answers.
Research about species – Goats, buffaloes, and cows are common dairy animals. They come in a number of breeds. You can reach out to government institutions or university agricultural extensions to decide on the type of breeds, annual upkeep cost, local demand for milk, etc. Moreover, collect information on how much time as well as money is required to raise a calf to milk-producing age.
What will be your food source – For this aspect, check the rental prices for land in your areas and how much land pastures require for cattle grazing. Also, if you are short on money, you can rent land instead of purchasing a new farm. After your farm is well-established, you don’t need to rely on the rented one.
Invest in the equipment – Besides renting, purchasing an existing dairy farm is also an option. The only thing you need to do is spend some amount on repairs. Ensure that you have all the necessary milking equipment, a sterile facility for storing milk-required living space for calves, manure storage, and an irrigation system for pastures.
Control the spread of disease – Whether you want to raise your cattle for dairy or meat, the health of your cattle matters a lot. You should get your cattle diagnosed and checked for any disease. And when you are transporting them to your farm, keep all the animals isolated. Experts suggest quarantining the new animals or diseased animals. Your vet can shed more light on this aspect by telling you the diseases specified in your area. Additionally, your shed area should be clear of brush, vines, and overgrown trees.
Give them proper nutrition – It takes a lot of attention to feed cattle and other livestock. Several forage plants and fodder provide different amounts of energy, protein, and nutrients. You will need to ensure that your cattle get a balanced and nutritious diet. Note that storing the feed in the same area as pesticides can be toxic for cattle and dairy products.
Understand the breeding cycle – Breeding female animals at regular intervals is much needed to keep them lactating. The breeding cycle and calving cycle have an effect on the health and nutrition of the cattle. Hence, pay attention to the breeding cycle so that you can healthily raise livestock and earn a regular income.
To sum it up all
It is needless to say that starting a dairy business requires serious planning. Furthermore, you should decide on the unique selling proposition of your business – Which type of milk you are serving? Do you have any special application to cater to the customers who have taken the subscription of monthly or quarterly milk plans? It could be anything. Lastly, understand the pattern of the market consumption and resolve the pain points of the customers.